P.R. Sarkar on Ideation & Meditation [advanced]

The following is the first part of a discourse by P.R. Sarkar, given on 10th June, 1990 in Kalikata, India. The discourse is titled, Ideation and Meditation and is available in the book, Yoga Psychology.


With spiritual progress the mind grows in magnitude, the mind increases
its periphery, until it finally merges in the Supreme Entity. During
the course of this progress a spiritual aspirant will develop many
faculties or attributes, but one must always be vigilant that these
faculties do not divert one from the chosen path, from the cherished

What is the meaning of faculty and thinking? Faculty means a special
type of quality or attribute that separates one entity from other
entities. Thinking is the subjectivisation of external objectivity;
that is, creating an external object within one’s mental plate and
making it a part of one’s inner existence.

Thinking should be done in a methodical style. For example, try to
imagine an elephant of Indian or African variety. To think of this
one should start from the tail end and visualise all the parts of
the elephant’s body systematically. If the tusk is there, it must
be male. If the cranium is small, with a bulky body, it is of African
variety. If the cranium is big and the body is less bulky, then it
is the Indian variety. Thinking as per a method is called “methodical

Knowledge should be imparted in this methodical way. It should not
be imparted in a galloping style, because the gaps created by imparting
education in such a manner will destroy intellectual continuity.

Now, what is the meaning of discover, invention and remember?
Discover: “dis” + “cover”; “dis” means “against”, “anti” or “not”.
So “discover” refers to that which exists but is not known to us.
“Discover” means “removing the cover and knowing what was there but
not known”. For example, Vasco da Gama discovered the Cape of Good
Hope while in search of India and the land of the coconuts, or Kerala
South India. Invention: “in” (prefix) – “vent” (root verb) +
“ion” (suffix). It means “to find out something which did not exist
earlier, and then know it”; for example, saccharine. Remember: “re”
+ “member”. “Member” means “in existence”. Are you a member of the
Gym Club? It means you are in existence with the Gym Club. “Remember”
means “to bring back what was in existence under dark cover”.
When the dark curtain is removed, one remembers. Remembering involves
removing other pabula, diminishing the mass of appearances.

Concentrated thinking is called “meditation”. How can one
develop concentrated thinking? Suppose you want to visualise what
Mr. S is doing in the city of Berlin. How is this meditation to be
practiced? It concerns something physical and multi-coloured, so one
starts with the Vishuddha Cakra, which controls the idea of colour.
Then one is to visualise the glands and sub-glands: the Brhaspati
Granthi [thyroid gland] and the Brhaspati Upagranthi [parathyroid
gland]. This is the first phase. Then come to the ku’rma na’d’ii
[sinusoid nerve], and finally to the controlling brain cell. This
is the process of withdrawal or pratya’ha’ra. Then visualise the
panorama, the sound, the colour, and focus on the object of meditation.
This is the inner secret. In order to visualise odour, we should start
from the Mu’la’dha’ra Cakra. If it is uni-odour, it will take less
time; in case of a multi-odour object, it will take a bit more time.
In this way, one is to withdraw the mind and bring it to the particular
brain cell inside the skull. It is necessary to know the biology of
the human structure. But spiritual aspirants will not attach any importance
to occult powers. It is not their goal. They will only attach importance
to the Supreme Entity.

Every cell has a controlling point. The controlling point of all the
controlling points of all the cells is the Guru Cakra the
common controlling point. The Sahasra’ra Cakra is the psychological
name and the Guru Cakra is the physical name. The Sahasra’ra Cakra
has no corporal structure. Its spiritual location is on the outer
portion of the cranium (the point is called Brahmarandhra). The
Guru Cakra is just inside the cranium and is the controlling point
of all the controlling points of all the brain cells on the physical,
psychic and spiritual planes. In the Guru Cakra lies the
supreme potentiality of omniscience. Knowing the Supreme Entity
means knowing the secrets of all the cells. The lower functions of
the blended mind and spirit can be controlled even by elevated magicians,
but the upper portion is beyond their power. In the upper portion
of the blended mind, higher intellectuality merges with spirituality.

Now, what is the difference between deep thinking and meditation? You
already know what deep thinking is. [Deep thinking is thinking deeply
about any subject.] Meditation is trying to make the “I” feeling
coincide with the subjectivated form. Because it is a coincidence
of “I” feeling, it is concentrated thinking. Or in other words, the
endeavour to make the controlling point of the “I” feeling coincide
with some other subjectivated form is called “meditation”.

Mental flow is concerned with both theory and practice. When the unit
mind is established in psycho-spiritual parallelism, it is called
“idea”, while the psychic conception of psycho-spiritual parallelism
is called “ideology”. When idea maintains adjustment with the glands
and sub-glands, it is called “ideation”. But to effect psycho-spiritual
parallelism, knowledge, action and devotion are required. In spiritual
parlance, when the mental flow is directed towards the goal, that
is, the Supreme Entity, it is called “concentration”, but in metaphysical
terms, it is a concept of Dharma. Concentrated thinking leads to
the development of positive ideas and occult powers in the process
of constant mental flow towards the goal. In the process of meditation
the following things are involved brain cells, apexed or
pinnacled psychology, concentrated thinking, Guru Cakra and
ultimate devotion. All these are utilised in Dhya’na Yoga [meditational
Yoga], which ultimately ensconces the sa’dhaka [spiritual aspirant]
in complete omniscience: Rtambhara’ tatra prajina’ (the intellect at that stage becomes omniscient).


P.R. Sarkar’s R.U. Speech, 1990, “Mind Grows in Magnitude”


YouTube link for audio reading: http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=yctmxmLRZ6s

Amongst the different faculties of this globe in the
physico-psycho-spiritual realms, mental faculties are of
maximum importance. These faculties may be categorized into
four main groups or offshoots. The first mental faculty is
that the mind thinks, the mind discovers and invents newer
modes of thinking, the mind thinks with concentration, that
is, the mind meditates. Regarding this faculty of thinking,
if it is done in a methodical way, the result is certainly
positive, a negative result is achieved only in certain rare
cases. But if it is not done in a methodical way, the
general result is negative, only in very rare cases do we
get a positive result. So our students, our boys and girls,
our ladies and gentlemen should be taught how to think in a
methodical style, otherwise there will be wastage of mental
potentialities. We do not want such wastage to take place in
this age of science. Regarding thinking with concentration,
that is, meditation, it is another still subtler science.
Meditation should be performed knowing fully well the
location of different glands and sub glands and also the
different cells in the human brain. And people should not
only know the location of these glands and sub glands, they
should also be acquainted with their respective systems of
hormone secretion, otherwise their meditation will not
produce any fruit. So for this system of meditation,
knowledge of biology is essential. Human beings have yet to
invent the way of methodical thinking, and methodical
meditation based on the location of different concerning
cells, glands and sub-glands, and their secretion of the
requisite quantity of hormones. The second mental faculty is
that the mind remembers, mind discovers or invents
different systems of remembering or memorizing. While
remembering, the mind should know how to associate the
object to be remembered with psychic pabula of a similar
nature. And human beings should know how to select these
associated psychic pabula which have similarity of proximity
to the object that they want to remember. In case of
memorizing there should be both a physical and a psychic
approach, and to some extent a spiritual approach. For the
purpose of memorizing, we should avoid the use of different
sub-glands producing inimical hormones. The systems of
memorizing should be associated with the qualities and roots
of the different plexii of the human body. The third faculty
which human beings should know is the process of
transmutation and diversion of different psychic pabula in a
scientific manner. This process of transmutation and
diversion may vary from human to human, from one group of
human beings to another, from animal to animal, from bird to
bird. And for this, there should be a specific training
course; and we must start this type of psychic training
centres in various important places in the world. Such
psychic training centres teaching how to transmute, how to
divert different psychic pabula, should be started
immediately not only for human beings of different psychic
strata but for all living beings. These training centres
should be classified into different types, and run
separately for different psychological structures for
differently developed, developing and underdeveloped living
beings. For instance, there should be one type of
training academy for developed animals like monkeys, dogs,
chimpanzees and orangutans, another for developing animals,
and still another for underdeveloped animals. Regarding
plants and animals, there are different strata, but these
plants and animals must all be metazoic structures with
clear and distinct `I-feeling’, not guided by mere
instincts. In various living beings with ordinary
protoplasmic structures, there is life and movement, but all
their actions are goaded by instinct, there is little or no
`I-feeling’. The training centres should be only for those
metazoic structures whose `I feeling’ is clear and distinct.
And what should these training centres be for? For the
transmutation and diversion of psychic pabula. This may be
considered as the third psychic faculty. The fourth one is
creating more scope for rationality and rationalisation in
the different planes of existence, physical, psychic and
spiritual. If we want to encourage rationality and
rationalisation, in the physical level we must avoid thought
waves which originate in the physical plane and concern
physical objects. On the psychic level, we must avoid
various psychic forms, psychic ideas, psychic movements and
also those aspects of telepathy or clairvoyance which
originate in the psychic plane. However, there are certain
phenomena which occur in a blended plane, for instance in a
blending of the psychic and spiritual planes. In such a
blended plane we come across a subtler form of telepathy. In
a blended plane of subtler psychic stratum and cruder
spiritual stratum, we encounter clairvoyance. Other
supra-occult powers such as omniscience exist only in the
pure spiritual stratum where there are no fetters of
duality, or where the fetters of duality are very slack or
slackened. Similar is the case with the transmission of
spirit or soul amongst different corporal structures
existing at the same time, that is, which are of
contemporary nature. Suppose there are several corporal
structures existing at the same time, there may occur
transmission of soul amongst them, from one soul to another
soul. This transmission of soul amongst contemporary
corporal structures can take place only when the spirit is
free, or almost free, from all fetters of duality. Such an
event takes place only in a supra-psychic structure, that
is, only on the spiritual level. But if there is any
blending of the unit mind with the spirit, it cannot take
place. This is also a hidden treasure of the human mind. But
I do not want you to try to acquire these occult powers. You
should only desire to be one with the Supreme, there must
not be any longing to attain these occult powers, it is
bad. Only the thought wave which emanates from the spiritual
plane will save humanity from the devastating influence of
dogma which separate humans from humans, which create
hindrances in the remoulding of human society into a single
existence. This process of rationalisation should be
developed through the intrinsic human potential of
remodeling every aspect of mind. We must do this in the near
future. The problem is a peculiar one, but we must solve it,
because it has created so many troubles, so many divisions
in human society, so many sanguinary battles, so much
warfare. This problem may disturb the peace of the entire
universe. So we will have to solve this problem and
create a new world in all the three emanations of life
physical, psychic and spiritual. I hope you boys and girls,
by your collective effort, will do something concrete in
this respect. You are not insignificant beings, you are the
glorified expressions of the Supreme Lord. So you will have
to do something concrete immediately. The problem brooks no

R.U. Discourse 2 June 1990, Ananda Nagar

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti on Bhakti – Spiritual love…


As you know, the curry, even if it is prepared with
maximum care in all other aspects, can not be treated as a
palatable dish if there is want of salt in it. Similarly,
all human endeavors to find out a link between the finite
and the infinite fail, if there is want of devotion in them.
Take the case of Karma. The aspirant is a Karma Yogii, but
all his Karmas are sure to fail if there is want of

A Karma is glorified only when it remains
associated with devotion and love for the Supreme.
Otherwise, a Karma becomes a mechanical one, and the little
bit of introvertiality that one possesses in the rudimental
stage, disappears after a short while and the movement
becomes purely extroversive one. That is, human existence
itself becomes a machine. So one can not achieve the Supreme
Goal by dint of one’s Karma, when the said Karma is not
associated with devotion or love for the Supreme.

And now let us see what happens if one is engaged in Tapasya.
‘Tapasya’ means freely undergoing hardship in order to reach
the goal within a short while. Now what does happen if,
while doing this Tapasya; there is no love for the Great?
Such Tapasya is nothing but a misuse of time. Tapasya
without love is a misuse of time and will have an adverse
effect on the physical body and also on the psychic body and
the result is definitely bad.

What is Yoga? “Yogashcittavrttinirodhah”. Yoga is suspension of all the
psychic propensities. Now if, during the suspension, this
period of suspension, there is love for God, then all the
suspended propensities rest on the Supreme Entity. Suppose,
one is a great Yogii but if there is no love for his goal,
then those suspended propensities are finally converted into
crude matter, that is, the subtle human existence becomes
like iron, it becomes like wood, it becomes like sand.
What a deterioration! What a downfall! This particular type
of yoga where a yogii does not bear love for the Supreme
Entity is called `Hatha Yoga’ in Samskrta. It is dangerous
for the human elevation.

`Hatha’ comes from `Ha’ and `Tha’.
`Ha’ represents `Surya Nadii or Ida Nadii’ and is the
acoustic root of physical force. `Tha’ represents `Candra
Nadii or Piungala Nadii’ and is the acoustic root of the
mind. So `Hatha’ implies forcible control of mind by
physical force. In popular parlance whenever something
happens very abruptly or all of a sudden we use the word
`Hathat’ i.e., `Hathena kurute Karma.’ Obviously a
practitioner of `Hatha Yoga’ can not attain liberation.

Suppose, a man has no devotion or love for the Supreme, but
he is a Jinanii, an intellectual. Others recognize the fact
that he is a really great Jinanii, he knows this and he know
that. But Jinana without Paramatma is like the skin of a
banana. It is not the real banana, it is the skin of a
banana. One will get no taste from it. His knowledge is not
Paravidya, his knowledge is Aparavidya., that is, his
relative knowledge pertains to the crude materialism. This
type of crude material knowledge concerned with the crude
materialism has done much harm to human society during the
last one century. It has misguided the entire human society,
it has converted human beings into animals, and animals also
have been exploited by the propounders of these crude

“Preyaskara Ya buddhih sa buddhih pranaghatinii
Shreyaskara ya buddhih sa buddhih moksadayinii”.

It has been said that all knowledges – `Para’ and
`Apara’ are just like a very big ocean of milk. Now, after
churning the ocean of milk, what do you get? You get butter
and butter-milk. After churning this type of ocean the
butter portion has been enjoyed by the devotees and the
butter-milk portion is left for the Jinaniis. Intellectuals
fight amongst themselves regarding the ownership of that
butter-milk portion. And finally not even that butter-milk
is enjoyed by them, because before they come to a decision
as who is to enjoy that butter-milk, the butter-milk gets
deteriorated, goes rotten.

There are many categories of Bhakti. Amongst them the main three
types are Tamasii, Rajasii and Sattvikii Bhakti. Tamasii Bhakti means
static devotion. It is not actually Bhakti because the unit’s
desire is for his or her enemies to be destroyed. Since
Parama Purusa is not the goal, it is sure that he or she
won’t get Parama Purusa.

Rajasika Bhakti means mutative devotion. In this form of Bhakti, one
wants physical property. So one may or may not, as a result of this Bhakti
gain prosperity, but it is sure one won’t get Parama Purusa,
because Parama Purusa was not the goal.

In the case of Sattvikii Bhakti, or sentient devotion, the goal is Parama
Purusa. Sadhakas should aspire for Him and Him alone, and
this is the Supreme Goal of all human endeavors.

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, Patna, September 13, 1978

Ananda Vacanamrtam Part 2-discourse 42

Bhakti – Devotion 2: by Shrii Shrii Anandamurti

The following is a Spiritual Discourse on Bhakti – Devotion,
by Shrii Shrii Anandamurti


It has been said in Bhakti Shastra
“Bhaktir bhagavato seva. Bhaktih prema svaru’pin’ii.
Bhaktir ananda rupa cha. Bhaktih bhaktasya jiivanam.”

What is meant by ‘bhakti’ ? The word
‘bhakti’ has been derived from the root verb ‘bhaj’ by
adding the suffix ‘ktin’- ‘Bhaj’ means ‘to call with
devotion’. That is to call the Lord with utmost devotion,
taking Him to be everything of one’s life, is bhakti. In
other words, bhakti is to move towards Him after withdrawing
all the expressions of one’s mind.

Now what is shastra ?
Shasanat tarayet yastu sa shastra parikiirtitah. That which
governs or disciplines for liberation or all-round salvation
is shastra. In the case where the parents govern their
children only for the sake of governing, when the children
grow up and realise this they begin to disobey them. But
where the discipline and control is aimed at salvation or
liberation, that discipline is the discipline of shastra.

And what is bhagavan ? The word has been derived form the
root word ‘bhaga’ plus ‘moetup’ suffix. ‘Bhagavan’ means one
who possesses the following six qualities: aeshvarya,
pratipa, yasha, shrii, jinana and vaeragya. ‘Aeshvarya’
means ‘occult power’, which in Sam’skrta is also known as
‘vibhu’ti’. ‘Vibhuti’ has two meanings’ash’ and

Here ‘occult-powers’ are eight in number,
namely an’ima, mahimi, lagbima, prapti’, prakamya,
vashistva, iishvaratva and antarya’mitva.
In the English language, ‘aeshvarya’ is known as ‘occult-power’,
that is, that which is acquired by cult is ‘occult’. Pratipa : He
establishes Himself by His own power. Those who are not
dharmikas get scared by His power, and those who are
dharmikas find supreme protection in Him. Yasha: By His
advent two things happen simultaneously.

On the one hand, He gets staunch supporters, and on the other,
sworn enemies. The whole human society gets clearly divided into
two camps – moralists and immoralists, the bad elements.
Everyone has to join either of the two camps, and complete polarisation
takes place. If one is the North Pole, the other one is the
South Pole. He is crowned with success and glory and at the
same time faces bitter criticism and infamy. This happened
to Lord Shiva and Lord Krs’n’a also. During their time also
the whole society got divided into two camps – the moralists
and the immoralists. Remember always dharmic people are
ultimately bound to be victorious.

Shrii : Shrii means ‘attraction’, the sweet touch of
attraction. This word is made up of ‘sha’, ‘ra’ and ‘ii’.
‘Sha’ is the acoustic root of the mutative force, ‘ra’ is
the acoustic root of the actional faculty, ‘ii’ denotes
feminine gender. Hence ‘shrii’ means ‘one who possesses the
actional faculty of the mutative force’.

Jina’na : ‘Jina’na means ‘knowledge of the self” The
knowledge of the self is the real knowledge. All other forms
of knowledge are not knowledge at all, rather they are only
shadows of knowledge. There is absence of true knowledge.
This knowledge of the self can’t be obtained from study of
books, but can be acquired by merging all one’s desires into
Him, as He is knowledge incarnate and knowledge personified.
Vaeragya: Non-attachment. In Sam’skrta the word ‘vaeragya’
has come from the root verb ‘arin ‘, as has ‘rainjana’,
which means ‘to paint’ or ‘to colour’ – that which colours
the mind. ‘Prabhata Rainjana’ means ‘he who colours the
dawn’. Every object is vibrational and has its own colour.
Due to the particular colour of an object, your mind gets
attracted to it. So, you should not be attracted to the
colour of any object.

So it has been said, ‘Bhaktirbhagavato seva’ –
‘Devotion is service to Bhagavat or Bhagavan’. Here
Bhagavan’ means ‘He who has bhaga’, that is, He who embodies
all the above-mentioned six qualities. Bhakti is service to
Bhagavan. ‘Bhaktih premasvarupin’ii’ that is, ‘devotion is
pure love’. ‘Bhaktiranada rupaca’ – ‘The only desire of
devotees is to give pleasure to Bhagavan.’ ‘Bhakti bhaktasya
jiivanam’ – ‘Devotion is the life of devotees.’ Just as a
fish cannot live without water, devotees cannot survive
without devotion. Devotion is the essence, the very source,
of life. What is then the most precious thing in human life?
It is devotion. If one has gotten devotion, one has gotten
everything, and nothing remains unrealised.

Devotees have to serve the Lord. Now, what is the true service?
To serve His creation is the real service. In common practice, we
see that the parents are pleased when their sons or daughters
are served. Similarly, the simplest and easiest way to
please Me is to serve humanity. Forget whatever you were in
the past, or whatever you did in the past, and from this
auspicious moment on dedicate yourself to the service of

Patna, September 1, 1978